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ERIC Number: EJ936776
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May
Pages: 3
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 9
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
Dehydration of Methylcyclohexanol Isomers in the Undergraduate Organic Laboratory and Product Analysis by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS)
Clennan, Malgorzata M.; Clennan, Edward L.
Journal of Chemical Education, v88 n5 p646-648 May 2011
Dehydrations of "cis"- and "trans"-2-methylcyclohexanol mixtures were carried out with 60% sulfuric acid at 78-80 [degrees]C as a function of time and the products were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) analysis. The compounds identified in the reaction mixtures include alkenes, 1-, 3-, and 4-methylcyclohexenes and 1-ethylcyclopentene, as well as the alcohols, 1-, 3-, and 4-methylcyclohexanols, and residual starting material. Independent reactions under identical conditions of the pure "cis"- and"trans"-2-methylcyclohexanol isomers, 1-, 3- and 4-methylcyclohexanol were also carried out. These reactions reveal that the "cis"-isomer reacts predominately to form 1-methylcyclohexene whereas the "trans"-isomer reacts to give a complicated mixture consisting of the isomeric 1-, 3-, and 4-methylcyclohexanols, 1-, 3-, and 4-methylcyclohexenes, and the ring contraction product, 1-ethylcyclopentene. In the experiment, each student carries out a dehydration of the "cis"- and "trans"-2-methylcyclohexanol mixture or of one of the pure isomers and the results from the GC-MS analyses of the whole class are pooled. The analysis reinforces lecture material and provides an appreciation of the complexity of elimination-dehydration reactions that proceed via carbocation intermediates and can undergo intricate rearrangements such as hydride and alkyl shifts. The reaction procedure is straightforward and the GC-MS analysis simple enough so it can easily be used in the first semester of undergraduate organic chemistry laboratory. (Contains 2 tables, 1 figure, 1 scheme, and 3 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A