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ERIC Number: EJ936558
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
ISSN: ISSN-0098-9495
Earmarks and State Appropriations for Higher Education
Delaney, Jennifer A.
Journal of Education Finance, v37 n1 p3-23 Sum 2011
This study considers the relationship between federal academic earmarks and state appropriations for higher education. Often referred to as "pork," federal academic earmarks are both controversial and understudied. Using a unique panel dataset which spans 1990-2006, this study conducts a panel analysis with two-way state and year-fixed effects. It finds a positive, significant relationship between federal spending on academic earmarks and state spending on higher education appropriations. The effect is large in magnitude. For every dollar increase in federal earmarks received by institutions within a state, state appropriations for higher education increase by $1.98 to $4.75, depending on the measure of appropriations used. Additional analyses show that the relationship is a recent phenomenon, appearing most strongly after 1997. (Contains 5 tables, 3 figures, and 10 footnotes.)
University of Illinois Press. 1325 South Oak Street, Champaign, IL 61820-6903. Tel: 217-244-0626; Fax: 217-244-8082; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A