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ERIC Number: EJ936551
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0019-042X
Input and Long-Term Effects of Starting Age in Foreign Language Learning
Munoz, Carmen
International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching (IRAL), v49 n2 p113-133 Jun 2011
This study explores the long-term effects of starting age and the effects of input in an instructed language learning setting. First, with respect to the effects of starting age, the findings suggest that in the long term and after similar amounts of input, starting age is not a predictor of language outcomes. Second, the study examines the effects of input using multiple measures derived from responses to an extended questionnaire. The analysis reveals modest but significant effects of input on participants' proficiency, confirming that input never ceases to play a role in an instructed language learning setting, in contrast with opposite claims from studies of naturalistic language learning.
Walter de Gruyter. P.O. Box 960, Herndon, VA 20172-0960. Tel: 800-208-8144; Tel: 703-661-1589; Fax: 703-661-1501; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A