ERIC Number: EJ936160
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 78
The Role of Working Memory in Multimedia Instruction: Is Working Memory Working during Learning from Text and Pictures?
Schuler, Anne; Scheiter, Katharina; van Genuchten, Erlijn
Educational Psychology Review, v23 n3 p389-411 Sep 2011
A lot of research has focused on the beneficial effects of using multimedia, that is, text and pictures, for learning. Theories of multimedia learning are based on Baddeley's working memory model (Baddeley 1999). Despite this theoretical foundation, there is only little research that aims at empirically testing whether and more importantly how working memory contributes to learning from text and pictures; however, a more thorough understanding of how working memory limitations affect learning may help instructional designers to optimize multimedia instruction. Therefore, the goal of this review is to stimulate such empirical research by (1) providing an overview of the methodologies that can be applied to gain insights in working memory involvement during multimedia learning, (2) reviewing studies that have used these methodologies in multimedia research already, and (3) discussing methodological and theoretical challenges of such an approach as well as the usefulness of working memory to explain learning with multimedia.
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Short Term Memory, Multimedia Instruction, Role, Pictorial Stimuli, Learning Processes, Research Methodology, Text Structure
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A