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ERIC Number: EJ936032
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Mar
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 88
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9010
Job Characteristics and Off-Job Activities as Predictors of Need for Recovery, Well-Being, and Fatigue
Sonnentag, Sabine; Zijlstra, Fred R. H.
Journal of Applied Psychology, v91 n2 p330-350 Mar 2006
Two empirical studies examined need for recovery (i.e., a person's desire to be temporarily relieved from demands in order to restore his or her resources) as a mediator in the relationship between poor job characteristics (high job demands, low job control) and high off-job demands, on the one hand, and fatigue and poor individual well-being, on the other hand. Multilevel data from a daily survey study in the health service sector (Study 1) showed that high job demands, low job control, and unfavorable off-job activities predicted a high need for recovery. Need for recovery in turn was negatively related to individual well-being. A large-scale survey with a representative sample of the Dutch working population (Study 2) confirmed these findings for fatigue. In both studies, need for recovery mediated the effects of job characteristics and off-job activities on fatigue and poor well-being, respectively. (Contains 2 figures and 7 tables.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands