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ERIC Number: EJ936003
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1366-7289
Bilingual Advantage in Attentional Control: Evidence from the Forced-Attention Dichotic Listening Paradigm
Soveri, Anna; Laine, Matti; Hamalainen, Heikki; Hugdahl, Kenneth
Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, v14 n3 p371-378 Jul 2011
It has been claimed that due to their experience in controlling two languages, bilinguals exceed monolinguals in certain executive functions, especially inhibition of task-irrelevant stimuli. Here we investigated the effects of bilingualism on an executive phonological task, namely the forced-attention dichotic listening task with syllabic stimuli. In the standard non-forced (NF) condition, the participants reported all syllables they heard, be it from the right or the left ear. In the forced-right (FR) and forced-left (FL) attention conditions, they had to direct their attention to either the right- or the left-ear stimulus and inhibit information coming to the other ear. We tested Finnish monolinguals and early simultaneous Finnish-Swedish bilinguals from two age groups: (30-50-year-olds and 60-74-year-olds). The results showed that the bilinguals performed better than the monolinguals in the FR and FL conditions. This supports the idea of a bilingual advantage in directing attention and inhibiting task-irrelevant stimuli.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A