ERIC Number: EJ935692
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 64
The Enduring Significance of Racism: Discrimination and Delinquency among Black American Youth
Martin, Monica J.; McCarthy, Bill; Conger, Rand D.; Gibbons, Frederick X.; Simons, Ronald L.; Cutrona, Carolyn E.; Brody, Gene H.
Journal of Research on Adolescence, v21 n3 p662-676 Sep 2011
Prominent explanations of the overrepresentation of Black Americans in criminal justice statistics focus on the effects of neighborhood concentrated disadvantage, racial isolation, and social disorganization. We suggest that perceived personal discrimination is an important but frequently neglected complement to these factors. We test this hypothesis with longitudinal data on involvement in general and violent juvenile delinquency in a sample of Black youth from a variety of communities in 2 states. We examine the direct effects of concentrated disadvantage and racial isolation and the direct and mediating effects of social organization, support for violence, and personal discrimination. Consistent with our hypothesis, perceived personal discrimination has notable direct effects on both general and violent delinquency and is an important mediator between neighborhood structural conditions and offending; moreover, its effects exceed those associated with neighborhood conditions.
Descriptors: African Americans, Youth, Racial Discrimination, Delinquency, Violence, Neighborhoods, Disadvantaged Environment, Social Isolation, Social Structure
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A