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ERIC Number: EJ935602
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
ISSN: ISSN-0011-1287
Disregarding Graduated Treatment: Why Transfer Aggravates Recidivism
Johnson, Kristin; Lanza-Kaduce, Lonn; Woolard, Jennifer
Crime & Delinquency, v57 n5 p756-777 Sep 2011
These data merge correctional histories with official state and courthouse information for a sample of teenage offenders, some of whom had been transferred to the adult system. Previous research indicated that transfer aggravates recidivism after the age of 18. The correctional data allow the examination of the relationship between sanctions and recidivism for repeat offenders. The authors explored whether repeat offenders who received graduated sanctions had lower recidivism after age 18 than those who leapfrogged over graduated sanctions. Transfer often involves leapfrogging over treatment options; sometimes it leads to secure placement in adult facilities but sometimes it results in adult probation. Within the juvenile justice system, some repeat offenders jump over intermediate interventions to deep-end placements. Graduated sanctions lead to less recidivism. When measures of graduated sanctions are included in multivariate analyses, transfer no longer predicts recidivism. (Contains 5 tables and 8 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A