ERIC Number: EJ935547
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Reference Count: 0
Forward or Backward? (1920)
Cooke, Flora J.
Schools: Studies in Education, v8 n1 p72-73 Spr 2011
Is it better to aim at a high ideal, with only moderate success in attainment, or is it better to be satisfied with a lower goal, one involving less effort and little responsibility? This is the question which pupils in upper grades and high school face every year. There are always some members of every class who seek the best things. They desire both freedom and responsibility. They want to understand the necessary laws and regulations--even to share in making them. They desire to obey and cooperate in any plan involving the rights of all. They have already caught the spirit which underlies good citizenship. They are the people who are apt to move forward to positions of leadership. They can command because they know how to obey. But there are others--also a goodly number in each class--who desire to be told just what to do and to be "made" to do the right thing. They want the school authorities to take all the responsibility for discipline. Then there is usually a small group, composed of weak or selfish, erratic or lawless people, who do not willingly respond to any form of control. These present a really difficult problem. The success of any school must be measured by its ability to awaken and inspire the members of the last two groups mentioned to become active members of the first group. The school has come to the parting of the ways. An immediate choice is imperative. One way leads towards more rules and regulations, more restrictions and punishments. The other moves toward a greater degree of intelligent self-direction, a more willing obedience to necessary limitations; toward greater unselfishness in submitting to just demands which benefit all; toward a stronger feeling of personal responsibility for the good of the entire school. In which direction is a school to move? The author contends that much will depend upon the other classes in high school and the upper grades. But the Senior Class is the annual flower which the school produces. Its degree of perfection depends upon the wholesome growth of the entire plant. It needs the garden and the gardener. But growth in every living thing, plants, animals and human beings, is from within, largely an individual matter.
Descriptors: School Administration, High School Students, Leadership Effectiveness, Leadership Styles, Transformational Leadership, Responsibility, Discipline Policy, Role Perception
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A