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ERIC Number: EJ935202
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 23
ISSN: ISSN-1011-3487
Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) and the "Big Five" South African Research Universities
Boshoff, N.
South African Journal of Higher Education, v23 n4 p635-655 2009
This article critically examines the methodology of the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) by generating raw scores for the "big five" South African research universities (Stellenbosch, Cape Town, Kwazulu-Natal, Pretoria and the Witwatersrand, henceforth referred to as SU, UCT, UKZN, UP and WITS) using the ARWU indicators. The performance of SU (which has never been ranked among the top 500 universities) is compared to that of the other four universities. The difference between SU and UKZN is that UKZN has one highly cited scientist and four more "reprint author" affiliations in the journals Nature and Science. UP lost its ranking in the 2008 ARWU but its performance does not show any significant change in terms of the number of articles on which the PUB and N & S indicators are based. Some ARWU indicator scores violate the original proportionality in the source data. The notion of whether a recipe exists for achieving a ranking is discussed, together with the possible consequences of steering institutional research practices towards meeting the ARWU criteria. (Contains 11 tables.)
Unisa Press. Preller Street, P.O. Box 392, Muckleneuk, Pretoria 0003, South Africa. Tel: +27-24-298960; Fax: +27-24-293449; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa