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ERIC Number: EJ935138
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Pages: 28
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0044-118X
Resilience and Political Violence: A Cross-Cultural Study of Moderating Effects among Jewish- and Arab-Israeli Youth
Lavi, Iris; Slone, Michelle
Youth & Society, v43 n3 p845-872 Sep 2011
Children in countries involved in violent national conflicts experience difficult and, at times, extreme events such as spending long hours in shelters, witnessing terror attacks, or having a family member absent or injured while participating in battle. This study explores the moderating effect of resilience factors, self-esteem, and self-control, on relations between political violence and children's difficulties. Children and mothers from 104 Jewish- and 108 Arab-Israeli families complete questionnaires assessing political violence exposure, self-esteem, self-control, and the child's social, psychological, and behavioral difficulties. Findings show that Israeli children exhibited heightened levels of psychological difficulties with high impact of political violence, a relationship that is partially moderated by self-control. In addition, significant ethnic group differences are found. First, political life events (PLE) are positively related to the child's social, psychological, and behavioral difficulties in the Arab group. Second, the relationship between political life events and the child's difficulties is moderated by self-control in the Jewish group and by self-esteem in the Arab group. Consequences of these results to understanding the impact of political violence and the role of individual resilience during conflict are discussed. (Contains 1 figure and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Gaza Strip; Israel; West Bank
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Brief Symptom Inventory