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ERIC Number: EJ934876
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1354-4187
Staff Beliefs about Why People with Learning Disabilities Self-Harm: A Q-Methodology Study
Dick, Katie; Gleeson, Kate; Johnstone, Lucy; Weston, Clive
British Journal of Learning Disabilities, v39 n3 p233-242 Sep 2011
Staff beliefs about self-harm can influence staff responses to the behaviour. Existing research into staff beliefs about self-harm by people with learning disabilities is limited, with qualitative research restricted to forensic services. The aim of this study was to use Q-methodology to explore staff beliefs about why people with learning disabilities self-harm. Five distinct viewpoints were identified: self-harm is individual, complex and emotionally meaningful; self-harm is a means to communicate distress, whether or not you have learning disabilities; self-harm is difficult to understand but seems to be a way to modify emotional states; self-harm is a result of having learning disabilities and being different; and self-harm is meaningful within relationships. These viewpoints represent the variety of theories and discussions in the literature. It is proposed that some of these viewpoints may result in more helpful responses to self-harm than others. Therefore, further staff training that promotes skills in developing a comprehensive and individual understanding of self-harm is recommended.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A