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ERIC Number: EJ934837
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0028-3932
Optokinetic Stimulation Affects Word Omissions but Not Stimulus-Centered Reading Errors in Paragraph Reading in Neglect Dyslexia
Reinhart, Stefan; Schindler, Igor; Kerkhoff, Georg
Neuropsychologia, v49 n9 p2728-2735 Jul 2011
Patients with right hemisphere lesions often omit or misread words on the left side of a text or the initial letters of single words, a phenomenon termed neglect dyslexia (ND). Omissions of words on the contralesional side of the page are considered as egocentric or space-based errors, whereas misread words can be viewed as a type of stimulus-centered error where the left part of a single perceptual entity (the word) is neglected. Previous patient studies have shown that optokinetic stimulation (OKS) significantly modulates many facets of the neglect syndrome, including the subjective body midline, line bisection and size distortions. An open question is whether OKS can also influence omissions and stimulus-centered errors in paragraph reading in ND. The current study compared the influence of OKS on both types of reading errors using controlled indented paragraph reading tests in a group of 9 right-hemisphere lesioned patients with ND, 7 patients without ND and 9 matched healthy controls. Leftward OKS significantly reduced omissions on the left side of the text in ND. In contrast, the pattern of stimulus-centered reading errors remained unchanged. In conclusion egocentric manipulations like OKS only appear to influence space-based attentional processes evident as omissions in paragraph reading but have no impact on stimulus-centered attentional processes evident as word-based errors during paragraph reading in ND. (Contains 2 tables and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A