ERIC Number: EJ934548
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Interaction in Distance Education and Online Learning: Using Evidence and Theory to Improve Practice
Abrami, Philip C.; Bernard, Robert M.; Bures, Eva M.; Borokhovski, Eugene; Tamim, Rana M.
Journal of Computing in Higher Education, v23 n2-3 p82-103 Dec 2011
In a recent meta-analysis of distance and online learning, Bernard et al. (2009) quantitatively verified the importance of three types of interaction: among students, between the instructor and students, and between students and course content. In this paper we explore these findings further, discuss methodological issues in research and suggest how these results may foster instructional improvement. We highlight several evidence-based approaches that may be useful in the next generation of distance and online learning. These include principles and applications stemming from the theories of self-regulation and multimedia learning, research-based motivational principles and collaborative learning principles. We also discuss the pedagogical challenges inherent in distance and online learning that need to be considered in instructional design and software development.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Evidence, Instructional Design, Distance Education, Instructional Improvement, Course Content, Interaction, Educational Theories, Research Methodology, Learning Theories, Cooperative Learning, Student Motivation, Computer Software, Electronic Learning, Online Courses, Multimedia Instruction, Web Based Instruction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada