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ERIC Number: EJ934492
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Working Memory Is Related to Perceptual Processing: A Case from Color Perception
Allen, Elizabeth C.; Beilock, Sian L.; Shevell, Steven K.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v37 n4 p1014-1021 Jul 2011
We explored the relation between individual differences in working memory (WM) and color constancy, the phenomenon of color perception that allows us to perceive the color of an object as relatively stable under changes in illumination. Successive color constancy (measured by first viewing a colored surface under a particular illumination and later recalling it under a new illumination) was better for higher WM individuals than for lower WM individuals. Moreover, the magnitude of this WM difference depended on how much contextual information was available in the scene, which typically improves color constancy. By contrast, simple color memory, measured by viewing and recalling a colored surface under the same illumination, showed no significant relation to WM. This study reveals a relation between WM and a low-level perceptual process not previously thought to operate within the confines of attentional control, and it provides a first account of the individual differences in color constancy known about for decades. (Contains 4 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A