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ERIC Number: EJ934460
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0167
Gay and Bisexual Male Clients' Perceptions of Counseling: The Role of Perceived Sexual Orientation Similarity and Counselor Universal-Diverse Orientation
Stracuzzi, Thomas I.; Mohr, Jonathan J.; Fuertes, Jairo N.
Journal of Counseling Psychology, v58 n3 p299-309 Jul 2011
A recurring question in multicultural counseling is whether client-counselor similarity on sociodemographic characteristics benefits counseling. A related issue is how counselor orientation to diversity relates to counseling process and outcome, both as a main effect and in interaction with counselor-client sociodemographic match. This cross-sectional study investigated these questions in relation to gay and bisexual male clients' counseling experiences by examining clients' perceived similarity to their counselor in sexual orientation, as well as counselors' self-reported orientation to diversity (assessed in terms of level of universal-diverse orientation [UDO]). Data were from 83 male-male client-counselor dyads recruited from lesbian/gay/bisexual-affirming counseling practices, where clients identified as gay or bisexual and counselors identified as gay, bisexual, or heterosexual. Counselor UDO was positively and uniquely associated with client ratings of the working alliance, session depth, and session smoothness. Perceived sexual orientation similarity was not directly related to any of the counseling-related criterion variables. Moreover, when counselors reported low levels of UDO, perceived similarity was negatively associated with the client-rated alliance and perceived improvement. Client religious commitment--a control variable in all analyses--was uniquely and negatively associated with client ratings of perceived improvement in counseling. (Contains 2 figures and 2 tables.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A