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ERIC Number: EJ934376
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 108
ISSN: ISSN-1040-3590
Measuring Behavioral Regulation in Four Societies
Wanless, Shannon B.; McClelland, Megan M.; Acock, Alan C.; Ponitz, Claire C.; Son, Seung-Hee; Lan, Xuezhao; Morrison, Frederick J.; Chen, Jo-Lin; Chen, Fu-Mei; Lee, Kangyi; Sung, Miyoung; Li, Su
Psychological Assessment, v23 n2 p364-378 Jun 2011
The present study examined the psychometric properties of scores from a direct measure of behavioral regulation, the Head-Toes-Knees-Shoulders task (HTKS) with 3- to 6-year-old children in the United States, Taiwan, South Korea, and China. Specifically, we investigated (a) the nature and variability of HTKS scores, including relations to teacher-rated classroom behavioral regulation; and (b) relations between the HTKS and early mathematics, vocabulary, and literacy skills. Higher HTKS scores were significantly related to higher teacher ratings of classroom behavioral regulation in the United States and South Korea but not in Taiwan and China. Also, higher HTKS scores were significantly related to higher early mathematics, vocabulary, and literacy skills beyond the influence of demographic variables and teacher-rated classroom behavioral regulation. These initial findings suggest that HTKS scores may be interpreted as reflecting early behavioral regulation in these 4 societies and that behavioral regulation is important for early academic success in the United States and in Asian countries. (Contains 4 tables and 1 footnote.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; Michigan; Oregon; South Korea; Taiwan; United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence; Woodcock Johnson Psycho Educational Battery