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ERIC Number: EJ934231
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Semantic Cuing and the Scale Insensitivity of Recency and Contiguity
Polyn, Sean M.; Erlikhman, Gennady; Kahana, Michael J.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v37 n3 p766-775 May 2011
In recalling a set of previously experienced events, people exhibit striking effects of recency, contiguity, and similarity: Recent items tend to be recalled best and first, and items that were studied in neighboring positions or that are similar to one another in some other way tend to evoke one another during recall. Effects of recency and contiguity have most often been investigated in tasks that require people to recall random word lists. Similarity effects have most often been studied in tasks that require people to recall categorized word lists. Here we examine recency and contiguity effects in lists composed of items drawn from 3 distinct taxonomic categories and in which items from a given category are temporally separated from one another by items from other categories, all of which are tested for recall. We find evidence for long-term recency and for long-range contiguity, bolstering support for temporally sensitive models of memory and highlighting the importance of understanding the interaction between temporal and semantic information during memory search. (Contains 3 figures, 1 table, and 7 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A