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ERIC Number: EJ933467
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Aug
Pages: 22
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0018-2745
Commemorations of Imperial Sacrifice at Home and Abroad: British Memorials of the Great War
Johnson, David A.; Gilbertson, Nicole F.
History Teacher, v43 n4 p565-584 Aug 2010
Scholars have long recognized that the Great War produced a remarkable amount of artistic and cultural expression ranging from poetry to painting to novels to architecture. This cultural production, both during and after the war, reflected a deep need to define and understand the tremendous destruction caused by a war that demanded a level of human sacrifice previously unimagined. Poets, painters, sculptors, and war memorialists attempted to capture in aesthetic form the "newness" of this war experience and, in particular, its profound human costs. Artists attempted to lay bare the suffering of soldiers, their families, and even the state through empathetic renderings of loss, which often allowed not just families, but also communities and nations to mourn together, helping to create a sense of renewed national unity that had suffered from the experiences of war. This article is concerned with one such cultural expression, British war memorials, which were erected in Britain, on the continent, and throughout the colonial world. The study and analysis of visual resources, such as war memorials, in the classroom is an effective strategy to teach students the manner by which objects become laden with meaning. This article proposes the utilization of a template to teach students the analytical skills necessary to engage them in thoughtful visual analysis of primary sources that memorialize World War I. The article will introduce the template and then suggest several methods that teachers can employ to create a comparative analysis of visual sources. (Contains 2 figures and 48 notes.)
Society for History Education. California State University, Long Beach, 1250 Bellflower Boulevard, Long Beach, CA 90840-1601. Tel: 562-985-2573; Fax: 562-985-5431; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: India; United Kingdom (London)