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ERIC Number: EJ933414
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 21
ISSN: ISSN-0964-5292
Should You Compete or Cooperate with Your Schoolmates?
Bratti, Massimiliano; Checchi, Daniele; Filippin, Antonio
Education Economics, v19 n3 p275-289 2011
This paper presents empirical evidence from the Programme for International Student Assessment 2003 survey on the role of students' attitudes towards competition and cooperation in mathematical literacy achievement. While individual competitive attitudes are positively correlated with test scores, the reverse occurs when considering the aggregation of individual attitudes. Similarly, while individual cooperative attitudes exhibit a negative correlation with test scores, the opposite is true in the aggregate. We provide an interpretation of this "fallacy of composition" based on public good production and incentives to free riding, which is prevented by social norms held valid in a small or homogenous group. (Contains 16 notes, 3 tables, and 1 figure.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A