ERIC Number: EJ933404
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 57
The Longitudinal Relationships between Rural Adolescents' Prosocial Behaviors and Young Adult Substance Use
Carlo, Gustavo; Crockett, Lisa J.; Wilkinson, Jamie L.; Beal, Sarah J.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v40 n9 p1192-1202 Sep 2011
While many adolescents and young adults experiment with substances (e.g., alcohol, cigarette smoking, marijuana), recent research suggests that rural youth and young adults may be more at risk for substance use than their urban counterparts. This study was designed to examine the longitudinal relationships between rural adolescents' prosocial behaviors and substance use in young adulthood. Furthermore, we examined the potential mediating effects of adolescent substance use, academic investment, and delinquency. Rural youth (N = 531; 263 girls) were surveyed in grades 10-12 (Time 1; M age = 16.17; SD = 0.91) and again in early adulthood (Time 2). Measures of prosocial behaviors, substance use, academic investment, and deviant activities were assessed at Time 1. At Time 2, measures of marijuana use, cigarette smoking, and getting drunk were administered. Overall, the findings showed that rural adolescents who frequently exhibit prosocial behaviors are less likely to engage in substance use in young adulthood than those who exhibit relatively low levels of prosocial behaviors. These findings indicate that prosocial behaviors may have positive health consequences, establishing behavioral trajectories that lead to lower levels of risky health behaviors in adulthood in rural populations.
Descriptors: Rural Youth, Smoking, Marijuana, Health Behavior, Young Adults, Adolescents, Grade 11, Grade 12, High School Students, Grade 10, Correlation, Substance Abuse, Study Habits, Delinquency, Surveys, Drinking
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 12; High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A