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ERIC Number: EJ933128
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 30
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1557-3060
The Wages of Failure: New Evidence on School Retention and Long-Run Outcomes
Babcock, Philip; Bedard, Kelly
Education Finance and Policy, v6 n3 p293-322 Sum 2011
By estimating differences in long-run education and labor market outcomes for cohorts of students exposed to differing state-level primary school retention rates, this article estimates the effects of retention on all students in a cohort, retained and promoted. We find that a 1 standard deviation increase in early grade retention is associated with a 0.7 percent increase in mean male hourly wages. Further, the observed positive wage effect is not limited to the lower tail of the wage distribution but appears to persist throughout the distribution. Though there is an extensive literature attempting to estimate the effect of retention on the retained, this analysis offers what may be the first estimates of average long-run impacts of retention on all students. (Contains 11 tables, 2 figures and 27 footnotes.)
MIT Press. 55 Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02142. Tel: 617-253-2889; Fax: 617-253-1709; e-mail: journals-rights@mit.edu; Web site: http://www.mitpressjournals.org/loi/edfp
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A