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ERIC Number: EJ933012
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0028-3932
Corpus Callosum Size, Reaction Time Speed and Variability in Mild Cognitive Disorders and in a Normative Sample
Anstey, Kaarin J.; Mack, Holly A.; Christensen, Helen; Li, Shu-Chen; Reglade-Meslin, Chantal; Maller, Jerome; Kumar, Rajeev; Dear, Keith; Easteal, Simon; Sachdev, Perminder
Neuropsychologia, v45 n8 p1911-1920 2007
Intra-individual variability in reaction time increases with age and with neurological disorders, but the neural correlates of this increased variability remain uncertain. We hypothesized that both faster mean reaction time (RT) and less intra-individual RT variability would be associated with larger corpus callosum (CC) size in older adults, and that these associations would be stronger in adults with mild cognitive disorders. A normative sample (n = 432) and a sample with mild cognitive disorders (n = 57) were compared on CC area, RT mean and RT variability adjusting for age, sex, education, "APOE" genotype, smoking, alcohol consumption, grip strength, visual acuity, handedness and lung function. Samples did not differ in CC area or intra-cranial volume. In the normative sample, simple RT (SRT) and choice RT (CRT) were negatively associated with CC area but there were minimal associations between CC area and intra-individual RT variability. In the mild cognitive disorders sample, SRT, CRT and intra-individual variability on the SRT task were associated with CC area. Increased RT variability explained up to 12.7 percent of the variance in CC area in the sample with mild cognitive disorders, but less than 1 percent of the variance in CC area in the normative sample. There were no associations with "APOE" genotype. We conclude that intra-individual variability is associated with CC area in mild cognitive disorders, but not in normal aging. We propose that biological limits on reserve capacity must occur in mild cognitive disorders that result in stronger brain-behavior relationships being observed. (Contains 2 figures and 5 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A