ERIC Number: EJ932794
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Smoking Patterns, Attitudes and Motives: Unique Characteristics among 2-Year versus 4-Year College Students
Berg, C. J.; An, L. C.; Thomas, J. L.; Lust, K. A.; Sanem, J. R.; Swan, D. W.; Ahluwalia, J. S.
Health Education Research, v26 n4 p614-623 Aug 2011
Given the previously documented higher rates of smoking among 2-year college students in comparison with 4-year university students, this study compares smoking patterns, attitudes and motives among 2-year and 4-year college students. Two thousand two hundred and sixty-five undergraduate students aged 18-25 years at a 2-year college and a 4-year university completed an online survey in 2008. Current (past 30-day) smoking was reported by 43.5% of 2-year and 31.9% of 4-year college students, and daily smoking was reported by 19.9% of 2-year and 8.3% of 4-year college students. Attending a 2-year college was associated with higher rates of current smoking [odds ratio (OR) = 1.72] and daily smoking (OR = 2.84), and with less negative attitudes regarding smoking, controlling for age, gender, ethnicity and parental education. Also, compared with 4-year college student smokers, 2-year college smokers had lower motivation to smoke for social reasons, but more motivation to smoke for affect regulation, after controlling for age, gender, ethnicity and parental education. Two- and 4-year college students report different smoking patterns, attitudes and motives. These distinctions might inform tobacco control messages and interventions targeting these groups of young adults.
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Ethnicity, Smoking, Negative Attitudes, Student Motivation, College Students, Two Year Colleges, Comparative Analysis, Student Attitudes, Internet, Surveys, Correlation, Affective Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Two Year Colleges
Authoring Institution: N/A