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ERIC Number: EJ932763
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 5
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0895-6855
Learning about the Unfairgrounds: A 4th-Grade Teacher Introduces Her Students to Executive Order 9066
Baydo-Reed, Katie
Rethinking Schools, v24 n3 p64-65, 68-70 Spr 2010
Following the bombing of Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941, U.S. officials issued a series of proclamations that violated the civil and human rights of the vast majority of Japanese Americans in the United States--ostensibly to protect the nation from further Japanese aggression. The proclamations culminated in Executive Order 9066, which gave the secretary of war the power to "prescribe military areas" wherever he deemed necessary for the security of the nation. This order provided license to incarcerate more than 120,000 Japanese Americans in internment camps (as well as several thousand Italian Americans and German Americans). Most of the people held in the camps were taken from the West Coast, where the feds believed "the enemy within" might be able to alert the Japanese military of U.S. vulnerabilities via a short wave radio or perhaps a lit cigarette. Camp Harmony was one of 18 Civilian Assembly Centers--temporary holding areas for the Japanese Americans who were rounded up for incarceration. More than 7,000 people were held at Camp Harmony. Most were from the Seattle area, but some were brought from as far away as Alaska. It did not take long for the new residents to realize they were living in stalls that had previously housed livestock. In this article, the author introduces her 4th grade students to Executive Order 9066 and opens their eyes to injustice and the fight for civil rights in the Northwest through literature and a tea party. (Contains 4 resources.)
Rethinking Schools, Ltd. 1001 East Keefe Avenue, Milwaukee, WI 53212. Tel: 414-964-9646; Fax: 414-964-7220; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States; Washington