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ERIC Number: EJ932554
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
ISSN: ISSN-1934-5747
Assessing Effects of Schooling with Cross-Sectional Data: Between-Grades Differences Addressed as a Selection-Bias Problem
Luyten, Hans; Veldkamp, Bernard
Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, v4 n3 p264-288 2011
This article details how cross-sectional data may be used to assess the effect of schooling. The methodology proposed requires that the data derive from two (or more) adjacent grades. Differences in learning outcomes between grades are assumed to be accounted for by differences in age, the education received, and unmeasured variables affecting both assignment to grades and learning outcomes. The approach presented includes an estimation of the impact of these unmeasured variables. It was applied to the TIMSS-95 data, which relate to student achievement and attitudes to both mathematics and science in 15 different countries. This research illustrated that the proposed approach yielded results that were very close to estimates based on an instrumental variables method. (Contains 1 figure, 1 footnote, and 10 tables.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study