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ERIC Number: EJ932452
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Mar
Pages: 30
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 70
ISSN: ISSN-0036-0112
Intercounty Variability of Net Migration at Older Ages as a Path-Dependent Process
Brown, David L.; Bolender, Benjamin C.; Kulcsar, Laszlo J.; Glasgow, Nina; Sanders, Scott
Rural Sociology, v76 n1 p44-73 Mar 2011
This article seeks to identify factors associated with the formation and development of nonmetropolitan destinations for older in-migration, thereby explaining why some U.S. counties are more likely than others to be nonmetro retirement destinations. We contend that most nonmetro retirement destinations are established and developed over time through a path-dependent process. When amenities are commodified as recreation and tourism, migration streams tend to be established that ultimately produce sustained in-migration of older persons to selected destination communities. We use data from a variety of official sources and a spatial statistics methodology to examine intercounty variability in net migration rates at ages 60-74. Our findings are consistent with the aforementioned path-dependent development framework. Counties with a long history of population growth, previous experience attracting older in-migrants, attractive natural amenities, and a developed recreation and tourism industry are those most likely to be retirement-age migration destinations. In contrast, agricultural heartland and relatively large population size are associated with lower rates of older in-migration. Older in-migration should be seen as neither a panacea for strapped rural communities nor a "pensions and care issue." Older migrants can be "gray gold," but they can also pose challenges, such as possibly increased demand for public services as they age in place. (Contains 3 figures, 2 tables and 25 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States