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ERIC Number: EJ932357
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 69
ISSN: ISSN-0096-1523
The Time Course of Word Frequency and Case Alternation Effects on Fixation Times in Reading: Evidence for Lexical Control of Eye Movements
Reingold, Eyal M.; Yang, Jinmian; Rayner, Keith
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v36 n6 p1677-1683 Dec 2010
Participants' eye movements were monitored while they read sentences in which high-frequency and low-frequency target words were presented either in normal font (e.g., account) or case alternated (e.g., aCcOuNt). The influence of the word frequency and case alternation manipulations on fixation times was examined. Although both manipulations had comparable effects on standard first-pass fixation measures, word frequency, but not case alternation was found to influence the duration of the first fixation in trials with multiple first-pass fixations. Assuming that lexical processing is more often incomplete at the termination of the first in multiple first-pass fixations than at the end of single first-pass fixations, the present findings provide strong evidence for an influence of word frequency on early lexical processing. Importantly, such a demonstration of a fast acting influence of a lexical variable on fixation times satisfies a critical prerequisite for establishing lexical control of eye movements in reading. (Contains 2 footnotes and 1 table.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California; Massachusetts