ERIC Number: EJ932166
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 15
Brief Report: Broader Autism Phenotype Predicts Spontaneous Reciprocity of Direct Gaze
Chen, Frances S.; Yoon, Jennifer M. D.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v41 n8 p1131-1134 Aug 2011
We report evidence for a relationship in the general population between self-reported autism-associated traits and the spontaneous reciprocation of direct gaze, a behavior that we propose may reflect a tendency to synchronize with social partners. Adults viewed videos of actors whose gaze was either directed towards or averted from them. Individuals with lower scores on four subscales of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) scale showed a greater tendency to look at directed relative to averted eyes; individuals with higher scores on the AQ did not. This relationship was specific to autism-associated traits and to gaze towards the eyes; it did not generalize to a social anxiety measure or to gaze towards the mouth. We discuss implications for our understanding of the broader autism phenotype.
Descriptors: Evidence, Video Technology, Autism, Anxiety, Correlation, Eye Movements, Adults, Scores, Behavior, Evaluation Methods, Disabilities
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A