ERIC Number: EJ931725
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Structure Mapping and Relational Language Support Children's Learning of Relational Categories
Gentner, Dedre; Anggoro, Florencia K.; Klibanoff, Raquel S.
Child Development, v82 n4 p1173-1188 Jul-Aug 2011
Learning relational categories--whose membership is defined not by intrinsic properties but by extrinsic relations with other entities--poses a challenge to young children. The current work showed 3-, 4- to 5-, and 6-year-olds pairs of cards exemplifying familiar relations (e.g., a nest and a bird exemplifying "home for") and then tested whether they could extend the relational concept to another category (e.g., choose the barn as a "home for" a horse). It found that children benefited from (a) hearing a (novel) category name in a relational construction and (b) comparing category members. The youngest group--3-year-olds--learned the category only when given a combination of relational language and a series of comparisons in a progressive alignment sequence.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A