ERIC Number: EJ931721
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Multi-Risk Infants: Predicting Attachment Security from Sociodemographic, Psychosocial, and Health Risk among African-American Preterm Infants
Candelaria, Margo; Teti, Douglas M.; Black, Maureen M.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v52 n8 p870-877 Aug 2011
Background: Ecological and transactional theories link child outcomes to accumulated risk. This study hypothesized that cumulative risk was negatively related to attachment, and that maternal sensitivity mediated linkages between risk and attachment. Methods: One hundred and twelve high-risk African-American premature infant-mother dyads participated. Psychosocial (maternal depression, stress and self-efficacy) and sociodemographic risk (poverty, maternal education, marital status) were maternal self-report (0-4 months). Infant health risk was obtained from hospital charts. Infant-mother attachment (12 months) and maternal sensitivity (4 months) were assessed with Q-sort measures. Findings: Psychosocial and sociodemographic risk, but not infant health risk, negatively related to attachment. Both were mediated by maternal sensitivity. Conclusions: The impact of risk domains on attachment security was mediated by maternal sensitivity. Results emphasize the need for early intervention programs targeting premature infants to identify and address environmental and personal factors that place parenting at risk.
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Marital Status, Mothers, Self Efficacy, Premature Infants, Attachment Behavior, Depression (Psychology), At Risk Persons, Social Influences, Psychological Patterns, Child Health, Parent Influence, Parent Child Relationship, African Americans, Poverty, Child Development, Child Psychology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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