ERIC Number: EJ931691
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Does Felt Gender Compatibility Mediate Influences of Self-Perceived Gender Nonconformity on Early Adolescents' Psychosocial Adjustment?
Child Development, v82 n4 p1152-1162 Jul-Aug 2011
This study evaluated the hypothesis that self-perceived gender nonconformity is distressing to children because it undermines a confident sense of gender compatibility. Participants were 357 early adolescents (180 boys, M age = 12.68 years) in England who responded to questionnaires measuring friendship styles (preoccupied, avoidant), gender compatibility (typicality, contentedness), and adjustment (self-esteem, peer social competence, depression, narcissism). Sex differences in friendship styles indicated that preoccupied and avoidant styles were typical for girls and boys, respectively. Gender-atypical friendship styles predicted poor adjustment, and their impact on adjustment was partially mediated by felt gender compatibility. Results suggest that perceiving gender-atypical attributes in the self undermines adjustment partly because it leads children to feel incompatible with their gender collective.
Descriptors: Friendship, Adolescents, Foreign Countries, Depression (Psychology), Males, Interpersonal Competence, Females, Evaluation, Gender Differences, Early Adolescents, Questionnaires, Early Childhood Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)