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ERIC Number: EJ931280
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1622
Central Motor Conduction Studies and Diagnostic Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Children with Severe Primary and Secondary Dystonia
McClelland, Verity; Mills, Kerry; Siddiqui, Ata; Selway, Richard; Lin, Jean-Pierre
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, v53 n8 p757-763 August 2011
Aim: Dystonia in childhood has many causes. Imaging may suggest corticospinal tract dysfunction with or without coexistent basal ganglia damage. There are very few published neurophysiological studies on children with dystonia; one previous study has focused on primary dystonia. We investigated central motor conduction in 62 children (34 males, 28 females; age range 3-19y, mean age 10y 8mo, SD 4y 8mo) with severe dystonia to evaluate corticospinal tract integrity before consideration for deep brain stimulation. Method: Distal motor and F-wave latencies were measured in the ulnar and/or posterior tibial nerves. Transcranial magnetic stimulation was applied over the motor cortex and motor-evoked potentials were recorded in the activated abductor digiti minimi and/or abductor hallucis muscles. Central motor conduction time (CMCT) was calculated using the F-wave method. Results: CMCT was normal in 50 out of 62 patients; 12 patients showed prolonged CMCT to upper and/or lower limbs. Most children with severe primary and secondary dystonia had normal CMCT, indicating corticospinal tract integrity despite abnormal imaging in 42 out of 50 patients. Abnormal CMCT was found in two out of 12 patients with normal imaging. Interpretation: This study provides new CMCT data for children with severe primary and secondary dystonia. Over 50% of children with evidence of periventricular white-matter damage from magnetic resonance imaging had normal CMCT, challenging traditional pathophysiological models. This is consistent with recent diffusion tensor imaging in children with periventricular white-matter damage, showing disruption of sensory connections rather than corticospinal tract damage. CMCT helps refine our understanding of imaging changes in complex motor disorders of childhood.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A