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ERIC Number: EJ930822
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Selective Attention and Distractor Frequency in Naming Performance: Comment on Dhooge and Hartsuiker (2010)
Roelofs, Ardi; Piai, Vitoria; Schriefers, Herbert
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v37 n4 p1032-1038 Jul 2011
E. Dhooge and R. J. Hartsuiker (2010) reported experiments showing that picture naming takes longer with low- than high-frequency distractor words, replicating M. Miozzo and A. Caramazza (2003). In addition, they showed that this distractor-frequency effect disappears when distractors are masked or preexposed. These findings were taken to refute models like WEAVER++ (A. Roelofs, 2003) in which words are selected by competition. However, Dhooge and Hartsuiker do not take into account that according to this model, picture-word interference taps not only into word production but also into attentional processes. Here, the authors indicate that WEAVER++ contains an attentional mechanism that accounts for the distractor-frequency effect (A. Roelofs, 2005). Moreover, the authors demonstrate that the model accounts for the influence of masking and preexposure, and does so in a simpler way than the response exclusion through self-monitoring account advanced by Dhooge and Hartsuiker. (Contains 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A