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ERIC Number: EJ930610
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 24
ISSN: ISSN-0013-1172
The Effects of Peer Training on the Social Interactions of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Krebs, Mindy Leigh; McDaniel, D. Mike; Neeley, Richard A.
Education, v131 n2 p393-403 Win 2010
This study investigated the effects of peer training intervention on social interactions of two participants with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and four typically developing peers. A multiple probe (Horner & Baer, 1978) across tasks, replicated across participants design, was used to evaluate these effects. Prior to data collection, a task sequence analysis was created to identify and describe the specific behavioral steps and sequence needed for successful acquisition of social behaviors associated with attention maintenance. The social behaviors selected for acquisition included the following: 1) maintaining eye contactor directional gaze; 2) maintaining close proximity to peer while interacting; 3)directing or initiating conversation with the peer; and 4) maintaining the topic of conversation. For each participant with ASD, two typically developing peers were trained by the principal investigator to model targeted behaviors for the purpose of eliciting social interactions from the participants. Probe sessions were conducted throughout the study with both peers and participants once peers achieved competency during peer social training sessions. Data collected indicated that peer training of targeted social interaction behaviors resulted in increased use of target behaviors by participants with ASD. Unexpectedly, results also indicated an increase in social behaviors that had not been targeted to be elicited by peers during interaction. (Contains 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A