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ERIC Number: EJ930576
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 47
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0013-1644
An Alternative Presentation of Incremental Validity: Discrepant SAT and HSGPA Performance
Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L.
Educational and Psychological Measurement, v71 n4 p638-662 Aug 2011
This study examined discrepant high school grade point average (HSGPA) and SAT performance as measured by the difference between a student's standardized SAT composite score and standardized HSGPA. The SAT-HSGPA discrepancy measure was used to examine whether certain students are more likely to exhibit discrepant performance and in what direction. Additionally, the relationship between the SAT-HSGPA discrepancy measure and other academic indicators was examined. Finally, the relationship between the SAT-HSGPA discrepancy measure and the error term of three admission models (HSGPA only, SAT score only, and HSGPA and SAT scores) was examined. Results indicated that females, minority, low socioeconomic status, and nonnative English speakers were more likely to have higher HSGPAs relative to their SAT scores. Furthermore, using only HSGPA for admission overpredicted college performance for those students who had higher HSGPA as compared with SAT scores and underpredicted college performance for students with higher SAT scores as compared with HSGPA. The results underscore the utility of using both HSGPA and test scores for admission decisions. (Contains 4 tables and 5 notes.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)