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ERIC Number: EJ930360
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Aug
Pages: 34
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
ISSN: ISSN-0008-4506
Toward Understanding the Academic Trajectories of ESL Youth
Garnett, Bruce
Canadian Modern Language Review, v66 n5 p677-710 Aug 2010
This study explores the variations in the academic trajectories of socio-demographic subgroups of English as a second language (ESL) students (N = 7527) in British Columbia, Canada. Results are compared to a native English speaker baseline (N = 37,612). Longitudinal data describing the 1997 Grade 8 cohort (i.e., students age 13, typically in their first year of secondary school) were obtained from the British Columbia Ministry of Education. Students are disaggregated by English proficiency, language spoken at home, and socio-economic status to indicate, through cross-tabulations and multivariate regression models, the effects of these variables on graduation and on enrolment and performance in senior-level English and mathematics courses associated with university entrance. Results are interpreted through a framework adapted from Cummins (1997). Ethnocultural background, as proxied by language spoken at home, predicts trajectories robustly; an indicator of socio-economic status only partially attenuates its effects. Background factors such as English proficiency affect different ethnocultural groups differently. The variation under the ESL label and the need to disaggregate data for decision-making purposes are discussed. (Contains 5 notes, 6 tables, and 7 figures.)
University of Toronto Press. 5201 Dufferin Street, Toronto, ON M3H 5T8, Canada. Tel: 416-667-7810; Fax: 800-221-9985; Fax: 416-667-7881; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 8; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada