ERIC Number: EJ930212
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Is Exposure to Domestic Violence and Violent Crime Associated with Bullying Behaviour among Underage Adolescent Psychiatric Inpatients?
Mustanoja, Susanna; Luukkonen, Anu-Helmi; Hakko, Helina; Rasanen, Pirkko; Saavala, Hannu; Riala, Kaisa
Child Psychiatry and Human Development, v42 n4 p495-506 Aug 2011
We examined the relationship of exposure to domestic violence and violence occurring outside home to bullying behaviour in a sample (508; 40.9% males, 59.1% females) of underage psychiatric inpatient adolescents. Participants were interviewed using K-SADS-PL to assess DSM-IV psychiatric diagnoses and to gather information about domestic and other violence and bullying behaviour. Witnessing interparental violence increased the risk of being a victim of bullying up to 2.5-fold among boys. For girls, being a victim of a violent crime was an over 10-fold risk factor for being a bully-victim. Gender differences were seen in witnessing of a violent crime; girls were more likely to be bullies than boys. Further, as regards being a victim of a violent crime outside home and physical abuse by parents at home, girls were significantly more often bully-victims than boys. When interfering and preventing bullying behaviour, it is important to screen adolescents' earlier experiences of violence.
Descriptors: Family Violence, Bullying, Females, Adolescents, Victims of Crime, Males, Violence, Correlation, Patients, Interviews, At Risk Persons, Gender Differences, Child Abuse
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A