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ERIC Number: EJ929880
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
ISSN: ISSN-0038-0407
The Impact of Prestige Orientation on Shadow Education in South Korea
Lee, Soojeong; Shouse, Roger C.
Sociology of Education, v84 n3 p212-224 Jul 2011
Widespread use of "shadow education" is a major policy issue in East Asia, especially South Korea, where officials view it as harmful to educational and fiscal equity. Although previous research emphasizes functional explanations, this study takes an institutional approach, exploring how students' desire for prestigious matriculation influences their parents' spending on shadow education. It is around that that "prestige orientation" (1) significantly predicts parent spending, especially among students of lower socioeconomic status, and (2) yields strong impact among students with the least likelihood of prestigious matriculation. Such findings indicate that Korean shadow education serves purposes that are as much symbolic as instrumental. (Contains 5 notes, 2 tables, and 3 figures.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 12; Grade 9; High Schools; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Asia; South Korea