ERIC Number: EJ929832
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
Gender Differences in Spatial Ability: "Relationship to Spatial Experience among Chinese Gifted Students in Hong Kong"
Chan, David W.
Roeper Review, v29 n4 p277-282 2007
Spatial ability based on measures of mental rotation, and spatial experience based on self-reported participation in visual-arts as well as spatial-orientation activities were assessed in a sample of 337 Chinese, gifted students. Consistent with past findings for the general population, there were gender differences in spatial ability favoring boys. However, other results provided little support for the idea that gender differences in spatial experience might foster gender differences in spatial ability; specifically, results showed modest gender differences in visual-arts experience favoring girls, and variation in visual orientation experience favoring secondary-school boys. Nonetheless, the role of spatial experience had a more marked effect on girls, suggesting that encouraging female students to gain spatial experience might help bridge the gap in spatial ability between the genders. (Contains 3 tables.)
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Females, Foreign Countries, Spatial Ability, Gender Differences, Males, Gifted, Visual Arts, Effect Size, Elementary Education, Secondary Education, Statistics, Prediction, Predictor Variables
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong