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ERIC Number: EJ929768
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
ISSN: ISSN-1065-6219
Religious Behavior, Personality, and Dimensions of Self-Esteem among 13- to 15-Year-Old Adolescents
Hills, Peter R.; Francis, Leslie J.; Jennings, Penny
Journal of Research on Christian Education, v15 n1 p61-76 2006
Self-esteem (SE) is widely regarded as an indicator of positive psychological functioning. The empirical evidence for an association between SE and religiosity, although extensive, is ambiguous; some studies have reported a positive association, yet others have failed to detect any significant relationship. The aim of the present paper was to clarify any relationships between the components of SE and several religious behavioral variables among a large sample (N = 3,056) of U.K. adolescents. It was demonstrated that SE derived from the regard of peers correlated with none of the religious variables, whereas personal SE and SE derived from parents were significantly associated with most of the religious variables, although the correlations were weak and negative. In order to examine if these weak correlations could be artefacts of individual differences in personality, the predictive effects of the religious variables were reexamined after allowing for extraversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism. Only personal bible reading and paternal church attendance remained significant (but small) negative predictors of personal SE. It was concluded, at least among U.K. adolescents, that religious observance is associated with neither increased nor decreased SE. It has no effect in either direction. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 9; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom