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ERIC Number: EJ929357
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
ISSN: ISSN-1367-6261
The New Zealand OE as Governance through Freedom: Rethinking "the Apex of Freedom"
Haverig, Anika; Roberts, Steven
Journal of Youth Studies, v14 n5 p587-603 2011
Against the backdrop of social, economic, and demographic changes of recent times, Arnett has proposed his theory of "emerging adulthood", essentially a new stage of the life-course between adolescence and adulthood. Arnett sees emerging adulthood as a distinct, historically unprecedented period demographically, subjectively, and in terms of identity explorations. Furthermore, he claims that this time typically involves independence and represents the "apex of freedom" in young people's lives where they "have more freedom to decide for themselves how to live than they have ever before or will ever have again". In this article, we expand on existing critique aimed at Arnett's concept, in particular with respect to his understanding of emerging adulthood as the "apex of freedom". To exemplify the limits of Arnett's theory, we use Nikolas Rose's theorisation around governance through freedom and apply it to qualitative research material about the working holiday phenomenon in New Zealand--an essential element of emerging adulthood, which, superficially, seems to offer unlimited options for self-exploration, choice, and freedom. Rose's approach, however, illustrates that freedom and constraint are intertwined and that as emerging adults in New Zealand insert themselves into OE discourses, they are governed through freedom. (Contains 6 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand