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ERIC Number: EJ929208
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1499-4046
Factors Predicting Consumption of Fonio Grain ("Digitaria exilis") among Urban Malian Women of Reproductive Age
Fanou-Fogny, Nadia; van Dam, Bianca; Koreissi, Yara; Dossa, Romain A. M.; Brouwer, Inge D.
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v43 n4 p219-228 Jul-Aug 2011
Objective: To identify factors influencing intention to consume an indigenous nutritious grain, fonio ("Digitaria exilis"), among women in Mali. Design: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey based on the Theory of Planned Behavior and the Health Belief Model. Setting and Participants: One hundred and eight women (31.5 plus or minus 10.5 years), randomly selected by a 3-stage cluster sampling, Bamako, Mali. Main Outcome Measures: Model constructs scores, intention to consume fonio, and fonio consumption. Analysis: Correlation and multiple regression, Wilcoxon signed rank and Mann-Whitney tests for score comparison. Results: Attitudes toward behavior (beta = 0.32, P less than 0.05) was the best predictor of intention to consume fonio, which was significantly correlated with fonio consumption (rho = 0.78, P less than 0.001). Health value (beta = 0.23, P less than 0.05) was a significant predictor of health behavior identity, which was significantly correlated with attitudes toward behavior (rho = 0.67, P less than 0.001) and perceived barriers (rho = 0.33, P less than 0.001). The latter formed a significant interaction term between intention and behavior (beta = -0.72, P less than 0.05). Conclusions and Implications: Fonio consumption could be increased in Bamako through stimulation of positive attitudes, changing men's beliefs, influencing family and neighbors' opinions, and improving the processing and the skills of women who prepare fonio. (Contains 2 figures and 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Mali