ERIC Number: EJ929175
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of Early Confirmation of Hearing Loss on the Behaviour in Middle Childhood of Children with Bilateral Hearing Impairment
Stevenson, Jim; McCann, Donna C.; Law, Catherine M.; Mullee, Mark; Petrou, Stavros; Worsfold, Sarah; Yuen, Ho M.; Kennedy, Colin R.
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, v53 n3 p269-274 Mar 2011
Aim: To determine if the benefit of early confirmation of permanent childhood hearing impairment (PCHI) on children's receptive language development is associated with fewer behavioural problems. Method: Follow-up of a total population cohort of 120 children with PCHI of moderate or greater severity (greater than or equal to 40 decibels relative to hearing threshold level) (67 males, 53 females; mean age 7y 11mo, range 5y 5mo-11y 8mo) and 63 hearing children (37 males, 26 females; mean age 8y 1mo, range 6y 4mo-9y 10mo). The main outcome measures were the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) completed by teachers and parents and the Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scales (VABS) which are completed on the basis of a parental interview. Results: Children with PCHI had lower standard scores than hearing children on the Daily Living Skills (p = 0.001) and the Socialisation (p = 0.001) scales of the VABS. They had significantly higher Total Behaviour Problem scores on the parent-rated (p = 0.002) and teacher-rated SDQ (p = 0.03). Children for whom PCHI was confirmed by 9 months did not have significantly fewer problems on the behavioural measures than those confirmed after that age (p = 0.635 and p = 0.196). Interpretation: Early confirmation has a beneficial effect on receptive language development but no significant impact in reducing behavioural problems in children with PCHI.
Descriptors: Hearing Impairments, Children, Disability Identification, Child Behavior, Receptive Language, Language Acquisition, Daily Living Skills, Socialization, Behavior Problems
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales