ERIC Number: EJ929147
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
Social Support, Unfulfilled Expectations, and Affective Well-Being on Return to Employment
Seiger, Christine P.; Wiese, Bettina S.
Journal of Marriage and Family, v73 n2 p446-458 Apr 2011
We conducted a longitudinal study to investigate how social support from the partner is related to mothers' affective well-being during their return to employment after maternity leave and whether expectations of that support have an additional impact. We differentiated four forms of support and their respective expectation discrepancies: emotional, instrumental, informational, and companionship. Further, we included the impact of meeting specific support expectations. A convenience sample of 288 women filled out questionnaires 2 weeks before reentry and then 1 month and 2 months afterward. Social support was associated with well-being, with emotional support having the strongest positive impact. Informational and instrumental support either were not related or were negatively related to affective well-being. Expectations had an additional influence but were inconsistently associated with affect. They became more important over time.
Descriptors: Social Support Groups, Employment, Well Being, Longitudinal Studies, Mothers, Affective Behavior, Interpersonal Relationship, Spouses, Leaves of Absence, Females, Questionnaires, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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