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ERIC Number: EJ929116
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 124
ISSN: ISSN-1050-8392
Identity Formation of American Indian Adolescents: Local, National, and Global Considerations
Markstrom, Carol A.
Journal of Research on Adolescence, v21 n2 p519-535 Jun 2011
A conceptual model is presented that approaches identity formation of American Indian adolescents according to 3 levels of social contextual influence--local, national, and global--relative to types of identity, dynamics of identity, and sources of influence. Ethnic identity of American Indians is embedded within the local cultural milieu and encompasses an array of dimensions organized around identification, connection, and culture/spirituality. The national or societal level brings additional complexities according to bicultural, multicultural, and hybrid types of identity. There is little known about the global implications of identity formation for American Indian adolescents, but a review of the construct of indigenous identity provides some guidance along with examination of identity formation of indigenous youth in other parts of the world. Suggestions for research are provided throughout the paper, and theoretical implications for the broader topic of American Indian identity formation are provided with particular discussion of indigenous psychologies. (Contains 2 figures and 5 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A