ERIC Number: EJ929077
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 16
Life Events and Emergency Department Visits in Response to Crisis in Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities
Lunsky, Y.; Elserafi, J.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v55 n7 p714-718 Jul 2011
Background: Stressful life events have been linked to psychopathology in the general population, but few studies have considered the relationship between life events and psychopathology for people with intellectual disabilities (ID), and the link between particular life events and hospital use. Methods: Informants provided data on 746 adults with ID who had experienced at least one "crisis". Informants completed a checklist of recent life events from the Psychiatric Assessment for Adults with Developmental Disabilities Checklist (PAS ADD checklist) and also indicated whether the crisis resulted in a visit to the hospital emergency department. Results: Individuals experiencing life events in the past year were more likely to visit the emergency department in response to crisis than those who did not experience any life events. Individuals experiencing a move of house or residence, serious problem with family, friend or caregiver, problems with police or other authority, unemployed for more than 1 month, recent trauma/abuse, or a drug or alcohol problem were more likely to visit the emergency department. Conclusions: Six specific life events were found to be associated with use of emergency departments in response to crisis. We suggest intervention efforts be targeted towards people who experience life events, particularly these events, as they may be a risk factor for hospital visits.
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Adults, Hospitals, Medical Services, Psychopathology, Experience, Relocation, Problems, Unemployment, Trauma, Drug Use, Drinking
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A