ERIC Number: EJ929071
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 49
Effects of Video-Feedback Interaction Training for Professional Caregivers of Children and Adults with Visual and Intellectual Disabilities
Damen, S.; Kef, S.; Worm, M.; Janssen, M. J.; Schuengel, C.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v55 n6 p581-595 Jun 2011
Background: Individuals in group homes may experience poor quality of social interaction with their professional caregivers, limiting their quality of life. The video-based Contact programme may help caregivers to improve their interaction with clients. Method: Seventy-two caregivers of 12 individuals with visual and intellectual disabilities received a training programme and four individual video-feedback sessions. Quality of interaction was independently measured in an AB-design across subjects with two baseline and three intervention observations, using a time sampling coding system for interactive behaviour as well as a rating for affective mutuality. Results: From baseline to intervention, significant increases were found for the frequency with which caregivers confirmed the signals of clients, for the proportion of initiatives taken by clients that were responded to by the caregivers, and the affective mutuality as a quality of the interaction. No significant increase in client responsiveness was observed. Caregivers evaluated the intervention as useful and feasible. Conclusions: The start of the Contact programme coincided with improved quality of interaction between professional caregivers and clients with visual and intellectual disabilities in group homes. Further research is necessary regarding the generalisability, long-term effects and effects on quality of life.
Descriptors: Caregiver Training, Video Technology, Feedback (Response), Interpersonal Relationship, Group Homes, Mental Retardation, Visual Impairments, Intervention, Instructional Effectiveness, Children, Adults
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Authoring Institution: N/A