ERIC Number: EJ928909
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Influence of Eye Gaze on Spoken Word Processing: An ERP Study with Infants
Parise, Eugenio; Handl, Andrea; Palumbo, Letizia; Friederici, Angela D.
Child Development, v82 n3 p842-853 May-Jun 2011
Eye gaze is an important communicative signal, both as mutual eye contact and as referential gaze to objects. To examine whether attention to speech versus nonspeech stimuli in 4- to 5-month-olds (n = 15) varies as a function of eye gaze, event-related brain potentials were used. Faces with mutual or averted gaze were presented in combination with forward- or backward-spoken words. Infants rapidly processed gaze and spoken words in combination. A late Slow Wave suggests an interaction of the 2 factors, separating backward-spoken word + direct gaze from all other conditions. An additional experiment (n = 15) extended the results to referential gaze. The current findings suggest that interactions between visual and auditory cues are present early in infancy.
Descriptors: Cues, Nonverbal Communication, Infants, Eye Movements, Speech Communication, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Visual Stimuli, Auditory Stimuli
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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