ERIC Number: EJ928791
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 63
Do High-Functioning People with Autism Spectrum Disorder Spontaneously Use Event Knowledge to Selectively Attend to and Remember Context-Relevant Aspects in Scenes?
Loth, Eva; Gomez, Juan Carlos; Happe, Francesca
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v41 n7 p945-961 Jul 2011
This study combined an event schema approach with top-down processing perspectives to investigate whether high-functioning children and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) spontaneously attend to and remember context-relevant aspects of scenes. Participants read one story of story-pairs (e.g., burglary or tea party). They then inspected a scene (living room) of which some objects were relevant in that context, irrelevant (related to the non-emphasized event) or neutral (scene-schema related). During immediate and delayed recall, only the (TD) groups selectively recalled context-relevant objects, and significantly more context-relevant objects than the ASD groups. Gaze-tracking suggests that one factor in these memory differences may be diminished top-down effects of event schemas on initial attention (first ten fixations) to relevant items in ASD.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Memory, Attention, Recall (Psychology), Eye Movements, Children, Adults
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A